Operation 1325


Sudan has major problems with inequality and women’s rights. Women are a marginalized group, often facing harassment and sexual and physical violence. Few girls go to school, even fewer can read and child marriage is a present problem.

The struggle for women’s rights in Sudan is longstanding and continues today.


In 2022, we implemented a project that brought together women from Yemen, Iraq and Sudan. The countries share a similar conflict status where women are excluded from the political process and, therefore, we saw an opportunity for interaction and impact.

The activities aimed to achieve visibility and give status to the women. Through capacity-building activities on relevant working methods for participating in peace processes and conflict management, women gain legitimacy and thus become visible as peace actors, which in turn leads to pressure for change towards decision-makers.

The activities were well designed to enable the creation of a forum, an egalitarian network, where women’s own needs and wishes for increased knowledge determine the content and where knowledge can be shared and deepened in a trusting manner.


2022: FBA Women Peacebuilders Program (Jemen, Irak, Sudan)

The project was implemented in the three countries of Yemen, Iraq and Sudan, and focused on empowering women to participate in peace and conflict resolution processes. The aim was also to make women more visible as peace actors in society. Through the project, the participating women have gained increased knowledge of their rights and opportunities, which has strengthened them as change agents and inspired them to continue their involvement in similar issues.   

Project: Women Peace Builder Programme  

Country: Yemen, Iraq and Sudan  

Partner organisation: Mawada Association for Society Development, All Girl’s Foundation for Development (AGF), Women Empowerment Organization (WEO), Nuba Women for Education and Development Association (NuWEDA)  

Donor: Folke Bernadotte Academy  

Project period: February – December 2022  

Purpose: Strengthen women’s knowledge to participate in peace and conflict resolution processes at local and national level, make women visible as known actors in the same.   

Target group: 16 women 

How: The project started with two conferences and a capacity building programme that the participants themselves helped to design according to their needs and wishes. The focus was mainly on conflict management, peace negotiation and UNSC Resolution 1325. Participants then held meetings, both formal and informal, where they shared their newly acquired knowledge at local and national level. They also invited local organisations to take part in the capacity-building training, an activity that reached over 300 people. Participants held dialogue meetings with local decision-makers and former parliamentarians to try to achieve change at a higher level.  

The project ended with a joint conference in Cairo, Egypt. The conference included several capacity building sessions on conflict management, peace agreement monitoring, dialogue with religious leaders, and role-playing in negotiation and mediation techniques. The conference also included a side event on how UNSCR 1325 interacts with climate change and Egypt’s preparations for COP27, which allowed Egyptian climate experts and our project participants to discuss and exchange ideas on climate change and its impact on women, peace and security.  

The project made efforts to raise awareness in Sweden, through several seminars and a social media campaign that reached over 20,000 people.   

Results: Women in Yemen, Sudan and Iraq have gained increased knowledge and commitment to participate in peace and conflict resolution processes at local and national level. The intervention contributed to the field by creating a forum for participating women to exchange experiences and capacity building. This forum has increased women’s ability to participate in peace processes, promoted peaceful and inclusive societies and strengthened women’s security. The project contributed to goals 5 and 16 of the 2030 Agenda.  

  • 16 women from Yemen, Iraq and Sudan have increased their knowledge and shared their own knowledge and experiences with each other.    
  • A network where women keep in touch to continue exchanging knowledge and experiences.    
  • More than 330 women learnt about conflict management, peace negotiations and UNSC Resolution 1325.  
  • Over 2200 people reached at seminars in Sweden.   
  • Over 24,000 reached via the Swedish social media campaign. 
  • Joint conference in Cairo 



Project: Passing the Torch

Country: Sudan, Khartoum

Year: 2008-2008

Donor: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sweden

About: Operation 1325: workshop training of trainers (TOT) aimed to provide participants with an in-depth understanding of the basic tasks of trainers, which included the insights, knowledge and skills needed to successfully carry out their mission. During the two days of the project, training sessions were led by experienced trainers, focusing on imparting knowledge on Resolution 1325 and its implementation. The focus was also on empowerment, leadership and educational tools to improve and strengthen women leaders in their roles within their organizations.

Results: The training provided an opportunity to increase understanding between young women from different ethnic, religious and social groups. Positive feedback from participants, Participants encouraged an intergenerational perspective, with junior and senior participants, as well as the inclusion of leadership aspects, in future trainings. Participants also emphasized the need for capacity building initiatives for local women to act as role models.

Publication: Passing the torch


Project: Training for Trainers: Consultative Seminar in Juba, Sudan

Country: Juba, Sudan (today South Sudan)

Project period: 2008-2008

Donor: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sweden

About: As a first step, Operation 1325 organized a bridge-building seminar in cooperation with various women’s and peace organizations in Khartoum, Sudan. The premise of this second workshop was to take the work further and strengthen and deepen contacts with women working as peacebrokers in all parts of the country, to provide relevant training on UNSC Resolution 1325 and peacebuilding methods and resources for the implementation of UNSC Resolution 1325 in a Sudanese context.

Results: Bringing together women from different regions of Sudan, facilitated their learning and common strategies, in order to build long-term relationships necessary for effective peacebuilding.

 Publication: ToT Juba

Operation 1325 & SUDAN

Here’s a video we’ve produced to give those of you who don’t know about Operation 1325 a little insight into who we are and what we do. We are very happy that our heroine Dr. Louise Olsson, Senior Researcher in Women, Peace and Security at the Institute for Peace Research in Oslo, is joining us with her expertise and solid knowledge!

This video has been produced with financial support from Sida through ForumCiv. Neither Sida nor ForumCiv has been involved in the production of this video and is not responsible for the content of the episodes or the opinions expressed.



Stödmedlemaskap: Fred | Supporting Membership: Peace

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Operation 1325 operates in partnership with peace and women's organisations from across the globe to make United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security, a reality.