POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS

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POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS

Policy Recommendations on implementing Resolution 1325 in Palestine, Yemen, Albania, Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Libya, Iraq, Egypt and Syria (2020).

In the autumn of 2020, Operation 1325, together with our partner organizations, produced policy papers on how Sweden can contribute to the implementation resolution 1325 in 10 different countries. See the land specific policy papers below.

Women, Peace and Security in Syria – How can Sweden make a difference? (2020)

Since the war in Syria began in 2011, rape and sexual violence has been used as a weapon of war by Government forces and as well as other armed groups. Women´s participation in Syrian peace negotiations has been uneven and encouraged on an ad-hoc basis. Women in Syria have faced decades of violations and discrimination in law and practice, and while the war has worsened the situation for women, post-war reconstruction could potentially be an opportunity to strengthen women´s legal rights. Read more about Operation 1325’s situation analysis and recommendations below.

Women, Peace and Security in Libya – How can Sweden make a difference? (2020)

Since the outbreak of the Libyan war in 2011, women have been systematically excluded from both formal and informal peace negotiations. During the war, violence and harassment against women, both online and offline, has increased and several prominent women´s rights activist have been assassinated. Women migrants and refugees in Libya are being held in detention centers where they risk being subjected to sexual
abuse and exploitation. Read more about Operation 1325’s situation analysis and recommendations below.

Women, Peace and Security in Iraq – How can Sweden make a difference? (2020)

Iraq has suffered from decades of instability, war accumulation and sectarian fighting, ending with Iraq’s announcement of victory over ISIS in 2017. Women have been subjected to detention, isolation, lack of security, displacement, and sexual violence. Iraq finds itself in a situation of post-conflict reconstruction. Conflict has rendered women weak legal protection and lacking support systems, unable to influence the choices in their lives. Iraq has the world’s sixth highest number of forcibly displaced persons, and third highest number of internally displaced persons (IDP’s). Displacement has led to increased violence against women and the deterioration of social and economic conditions. Read more about Operation 1325’s situation analysis and recommendations below.

Women, Peace and Security in Jordan– How can Sweden make a difference? (2020)

Jordan is host to nearly 750 000 refugees, including women refugees who are vulnerable to gender-based violence and lack access to income and sexual and reproductive healthcare. While Jordanian leaders have embraced the Women, Peace and Security Agenda, this has to some degree been pursued at the expense of civil liberties, including freedom of association which limits women´s civil society organizations from organizing freely. Read more about Operation 1325’s situation analysis and recommendations below.

Women, Peace and Security in Lebanon – How can Sweden make a difference? (2020)

Lebanon has the highest number of refugees per capita in the world and the majority of the refugees hosted in Lebanon are women and children. Despite being one of the more socially progressive and open societies in the region, Lebanon has one of the lowest rates of female political participation with 4.7 % women in Parliament and 10 % in Government.

Below are Operation 1325’s recomendations för the implementation of Resolution 1325 in Lebanon.

Women, Peace and Security in Egypt – How can Sweden make a difference? (2020)

Egypt is an important regional actor and engaged in several on-going peace processes and could thereby play an instrumental part in pushing for the Women, Peace and Security Agenda in the region. Although women´s participation in politics has increased significantly since 2012, women still only make up 25 % of Government and 15 % in Parliament.

Below are Operation 1325’s recomendations för the implementation of Resolution 1325 in Egypt.

How can Sweden Contribute to the Implementation of Resolution 1325 in Albania – Views from Civil Society (2020)

Albania´s National Action Plan for UNSCR 1325 is due to expire 2020 and there is currently no clear indication of an extension or a new plan being developed. Sweden and Albania share many challenges in the implementation of UNSCR 1325 including formulating new National Action Plans and establishing reporting mechanisms. Read more about Operation 1325’s situation analysis and recommendations below.

 

How can Sweden Contribute to the Implementation of Resolution 1325 in Yemen – Views from Civil Society (2020)

Yemen consistently features at the bottom of the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Index revealing significant gender differences in access to education, political and labor force participation, and high levels of violence against women and girls. Since 2014, intensified conflict in the country has resulted in 100 000 fatalities, including over 18 400 civilians killed by direct attacks.Read more about Operation 1325’s situation analysis and recommendations below.

 

Women, Peace and Security in Palestine – How Can Sweden Make a Difference? (2020)

Palestinian women are marginalized in formal and informal peace processes, and are hindered from meaningfully participating in conflict prevention, management, and resolution. Palestinian women are dependent on the international community for service delivery and protection; however, women are not included in service delivery programming design. Read more about Operation 1325’s situation analysis and recommendations below.

 

How can Sweden Contribute to the Implementation of Resolution 1325 in Turkey – Views from Civil Society (2020)

Although Turkey enjoys high human development, gender inequality persists, particularly in regard to economic and political participation. Women in Turkey are also subjected to legal discrimination and high levels of gender-based violence with 474 femicides reported in 2019. Read more about Operation 1325’s situation analysis and recommendations below.

 

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OPERATION 1325 WAS FOUNDED IN 2003 AS AN UMBRELLA ORGANISATION COMPOSED OF SWEDISH PEACE AND WOMEN'S ORGANISATIONS.

Operation 1325 operates in partnership with peace and women's organisations from across the globe to make United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security, a reality.