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United Nations
Security Council
Resolution 1325 (2000)

Women, Peace and Security
31 October 2000

Adopted by the Security Council at its
4213th meeting on 31 October 2000

The Security Council,

Recalling its resolutions 1261 (1999) of 25 August 1999, 1265 (1999) of 17 September 1999, 1296 (2000) of 19 April 2000 and 1314 (2000) of 11 August 2000, as well as relevant statements of its President, and recalling also the statement of its President to the press on the occasion of the United Nations Day for Women’s Rights and International Peace (International Women’s Day) of 8 March 2000 (SC/6816),

Recalling also the commitments of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (A/52/231) as well as those contained in the outcome document of the twenty-third Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly entitled “Women 2000: Gender Equality, Development and Peace for the Twenty-First Century” (A/S-23/10/Rev.1), in particular those concerning women and armed conflict,

Bearing in mind the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and the primary responsibility of the Security Council under the Charter for the maintenance of international peace and security,

Expressing concern that civilians, particularly women and children, account for the vast majority of those adversely affected by armed conflict, including as refugees and internally displaced persons, and increasingly are targeted by combatants and armed elements, and recognizing the consequent impact this has on durable peace and reconciliation,

Reaffirming the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and in peace-building, and stressing the importance of their equal participation and full involvement in all efforts for the maintenance and promotion of peace and security, and the need to increase their role in decision-making with regard to conflict prevention and resolution,

Reaffirming also the need to implement fully international humanitarian and human rights law that protects the rights of women and girls during and after conflicts,

Emphasizing the need for all parties to ensure that mine clearance and mine awareness programmes take into account the special needs of women and girls,

Recognizing the urgent need to mainstream a gender perspective into peacekeeping operations, and in this regard noting the Windhoek Declaration and the Namibia Plan of Action on Mainstreaming a Gender Perspective in Multidimensional Peace Support Operations (S/2000/693),

Recognizing also the importance of the recommendation contained in the statement of its President to the press of 8 March 2000 for specialized training for all peacekeeping personnel on the protection, special needs and human rights of women and children in conflict situations,

Recognizing that an understanding of the impact of armed conflict on women and girls, effective institutional arrangements to guarantee their protection and full participation in the peace process can significantly contribute to the maintenance and promotion of international peace and security,

Noting the need to consolidate data on the impact of armed conflict on women and girls.



1. Urges Member States to ensure

increased representation of women at all decision-making levels in national, regional and international institutions and mechanisms for the prevention, management, and resolution of conflict.

2. Encourages the Secretary-General

to implement his strategic plan of action (A/49/587) calling for an increase in the participation of women at decision-making levels in conflict resolution and peace processes.

3. Urges the Secretary-General

to appoint more women as special representatives and envoys to pursue good offices on his behalf, and in this regard calls on Member States to provide candidates to the Secretary-General, for inclusion in a regularly updated centralized roster.

4. Further urges the Secretary-General

to seek to expand the role and contribution of women in United Nations field-based operations, and especially among military observers, civilian police, human rights and humanitarian personnel.

5. Expresses its willingness

to incorporate a gender perspective into peacekeeping operations, and urges the Secretary-General to ensure that, where appropriate, field operations include a gender component.

6. Requests the Secretary-General

to provide to Member States training guidelines and materials on the protection, rights and the particular needs of women, as well as on the importance of involving women in all peacekeeping and peace-building measures, invites Member States to incorporate these elements as well as
HIV/AIDS awareness training into their national training programmes for military and civilian police personnel in preparation for deployment, and further requests the Secretary-General to ensure that civilian personnel of peacekeeping operations receive similar training.

7. Urges Member States

to increase their voluntary financial, technical and logistical support for gender-sensitive training efforts, including those undertaken by relevant funds and programmes, inter alia, the United Nations Fund for Women and United Nations Children’s Fund, and by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and other relevant bodies.

8. Calls on all actors involved

when negotiating and implementing peace agreements, to adopt a gender perspective, including, inter alia:

a) The special needs of women and girls during repatriation and
resettlement and for rehabilitation, reintegration and post-conflict reconstruction.

b) Measures that support local women’s peace initiatives and indigenous processes for conflict resolution, and that involve women in all of the implementation mechanisms of the peace agreements.

c) Measures that ensure the protection of and respect for human rights of women and girls, particularly as they relate to the constitution, the electoral system, the police and the judiciary.

9. Calls upon all parties to armed conflict

to respect fully international law applicable to the rights and protection of women and girls, especially as civilians, in particular the obligations applicable to them under the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the Additional Protocols thereto of 1977, the Refugee Convention of 1951 and the Protocol thereto of 1967, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women of 1979 and the Optional Protocol thereto of 1999 and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989 and the two Optional Protocols thereto of 25 May 2000, and to bear in mind the relevant provisions of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

10. Calls on all parties to armed conflict

to take special measures to protect women and girls from gender-based violence, particularly rape and other forms of sexual abuse, and all other forms of violence in situations of armed conflict.

11. Emphasizes the responsibility of all States

to put an end to impunity and to prosecute those responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes including those relating to sexual and other violence against women and girls, and in this regard stresses the need to exclude these crimes, where feasible from amnesty provisions.

12. Calls upon all parties to armed conflict

to respect the civilian and humanitarian character of refugee camps and settlements, and to take into account the particular needs of women and girls, including in their design, and recalls its resolutions 1208 (1998) of 19 November 1998 and 1296 (2000) of 19 April 2000.

13. Encourages all those involved in the planning for disarmament, demobilization and reintegration

 to consider the different needs of female and male ex-combatants and to take into account the needs of their dependants.

14. Reaffirms its readiness, whenever measures are adopted under Article 41 of the Charter of the United Nations

to give consideration to their potential impact on the civilian population, bearing in mind the special needs of women and girls, in order to consider appropriate humanitarian exemptions.

15. Expresses its willingness

to ensure that Security Council missions take into account gender considerations and the rights of women, including through consultation with local and international women’s groups.

16. Invites the Secretary-General

to carry out a study on the impact of armed conflict on women and girls, the role of women in peace-building and the gender dimensions of peace processes and conflict resolution, and further invites him to submit a report to the Security Council on the results of this study and to make this available to all Member States of the United Nations. 

17. Requests the Secretary-General, where appropriate,

to include in his reporting to the Security Council progress on gender mainstreaming throughout peacekeeping missions and all other aspects relating to women and girls.

18. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

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Resolution 1820 is sprung out of Resolution 1325. It deals with sexual violence against civilians during armed conflict and condemns rape and other forms of sexualised violence during conflict. Through this resolution the Security Council states, for the first time, that systematic rape constitutes a threat against international peace and security. The Security Council also states that rape can constitute a war crime, a crime against humanity, or genocide. It requires that all parties intervene against sexual violence and see to it that perpetrators are brought to court.

Read about Resolution 1820. Document originally available at


As an evolution of Resolution 1820, Resolution 1888 was created. It mandates the Secretary General to appoint a special representative for the work against sexual violence in armed conflicts. The Secretary General is also held responsible for employing a team with experts on sexual violence in armed conflicts, whose task it is to safeguard women’s security in UN Peacekeeping missions. The resolution demands that regular reports be sent to the Security Council on how resolution 1820 is being implemented.

In February 2010, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon appointed Margot Wallström as his special representative to keep watch against sexual violence against women in armed conflicts.

Read about Resolution 1888. Document originally available at


UNSCR 1889 strengthens efforts to prevent sexual violence in conflict. The primary objective of the resolution is to fight impunity. In his/her yearly reports, the General Secretary is to name and list perpetrators and exercise sanctions against them. The resolution also contains recommendations to create an infrastructure within the UN-system for reporting about early warnings of sexual violence. It strongly encourages investigations of these reports in order to coordinate more effective missions. UNSCR 1889 also indicates that the General Secretary is to gather information from women’s organisations and victims of sexual violence on a regular basis.

Read about Resolution 1889. Document originally available at


Resolution 1960 further strengthens efforts to combat sexual violence in conflicts. The aim of the resolution is to combat impunity. Among other things, it requires the Secretary-General, in his annual reports, to name and list perpetrators and impose sanctions on them. The resolution also includes recommendations to create tools within the UN to report and investigate early warning signs of sexual violence. This is in order to coordinate effective responses. The resolution also states that the Secretary-General should regularly gather experiences from women’s organizations and women who have been victims of sexual violence in conflicts in order to better counteract the violence.

Read about Resolution 1960. Document originally available at


This resolution deals primarily with sexual violence as part of warfare, how to counteract it and handle the consequences. The resolution states that sexual violence in conflict is to be regarded as a war crime, and that it can be classified as a crime against humanity or as a method of genocide in some situations. The resolution emphasizes the importance of preventing sexual violence in conflict and bringing perpetrators to justice, which International Criminal Court (ICC) has facilitated. The resolution also calls for the continuation and development of preventive and advisory work, including Resolution 1888, and reiterates the importance of women’s participation in preventive work and in mediation and peace processes.

Read about Resolution 2106. Document originally available at UNSCR Search engine for the United Nations Security Council Resolutions.


Resolution 2122 deals mainly with the importance of women’s full participation in the peace process as well as in other sectors of society. It stresses that the issue of gender equality must be taken with the utmost importance to fully implement Resolution 1325. Equality between the sexes and women’s inclusion is a prerequisite for sustainable peace and a stable society, and more analysis and information work is required to achieve this. The resolution encourages the Secretary-General with staff to regularly consult women’s organizations and to inform mediating parties about gender aspects of peace building by making experts on the subject available, and enhancing female participation in, all UN member states. The resolution also refers to the increased participation of women in peacekeeping troops, judiciaries, electoral processes, security and reconstruction processes.

Read about Resolution 2122. Document originally available at UNSCR Search engine for the United Nations Security Council Resolutions.


Resolution 2242 builds on the existing women, peace, and security (WPS) framework by providing a road map for implementation of 1325 and the accompanying resolutions towards increasing women’s leadership in peace making and conflict prevention. It emphasizes greater integration of the WPS and counter-terrorism and countering violent extremism agendas. It calls for improved Security Council working methods on WPS and directs attention to persistent obstacles to implementation including funding and institutional reforms. It urges UN bodies to increase their efforts to integrate women’s needs and a gender perspective in their planning. In addition, it establishes the Security Council’s Informal Experts Group (IEG) on WPS which Sweden is a co-chair for 2017. The IEG is guided by the principles that through information gathering and analysis together with direct interactions with field missions will lead to better oversight and greater implementation women, peace and security norms in specific country situations.

Read about Resolution 2242. Document originally available at


Resolution 2493 reaffirms the importance of more women in peace processes and recognizes the importance of women for achieving sustainable peace by dialogue and mediation. It also recognizes the lack of women in leadership roles and lack of gender-sensitive humanitarian response and urges states to ratify or accede to GR 30, it recognized the role of regional organisations for women, peace and security instrumentalization. It encourages member states to support civil society, women human rights defenders and women political leaders and protect them from threat or hate speech. It is advised to use context specific approaches for increasing women’s meaningful participation in peace process, to take note systematically of the work done by the Informal Group of Experts on women, peace and security and in the annual reports to include challenges to the agenda.

Read about Resolution 2494. Document originally available at UNSCR Search engine for the United Nations Security Council Resolutions.


Resolution 2467 affirms that a survivor-centred approach is required to address conflict-related sexual violence in all United Nations peace-making, peace-keeping and peace-building initiatives, including in the context of security and justice sector reform efforts and in negotiations of peace agreements and ceasefire verification mechanisms. Resolution 2467 acknowledges structural gender inequality and discrimination that are the root causes of sexual violence, affirming the necessity of the participation and empowerment of women as the only viable route to sustainable peace and security. The acute vulnerability of so many women, children and men to sexual violence in conflict situations around the world must crystalize our resolve into clear action to prevent these crimes. It is crucial that the resolution translates promises into practice, and resolutions into solutions.

Read more about Resolution 2467. Document originally available at United Nations.

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Operation 1325 operates in partnership with peace and women's organisations from across the globe to make United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security, a reality.